Belgium

National Coordinator: Herbert Meyer & Jeroen Vanesser

Music Education in Schools

Until the rewording of the basic competences in 1999 music education was part of the teaching responsibilities of the class teacher (elementary school teacher) through the six years of elementary school education. Although elementary school curriculum provided for one hour of music a week little attention was paid to the subject of music and for various reasons the music lessons was generally not held. Read more…

Political Framework

Belgium’s special (cultural) political situation, with three different language communities that are clearly separated from each other, means that the political framework is crucial to understanding the current situation, and also with regard to the form and importance of general music education. Read more…

School System

This division of responsibility for education policy is reflected in differences in the education system in the individual language communities. Compulsory schooling in Belgium is generally from the age of 6 to 18. The basic structure of the education system is also the same through out the country. Read more…

Curricula

For all three levels of education so-called “transversal competences” have been elaborated that apply to both music education in schools and the visual arts. The specific content and standards to be attained of the general “disciplinary competences” change according to the different age groups and the local, social and cultural circumstances. Read more…

Music Teacher Training

No specialised music teacher training is offered for music teaching at kindergarten and elementary elevel because in those institutions music is taught by the class teacher. Kindergarten and primary school teachers receive their musical instruction and their training as teachers of music at teacher training college. Read more…