National Coordinator: João Cunha
Ph.D. in Music (University of Aveiro – Portugal), Master in Music Education (University of Minho – Portugal) and Specialized Teacher in Music (Consortium of Portuguese Polytechnic Institutes). Orff-Schulwerk approach international training acquired in Austria, Canada, England, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Italy Slovakia, Spain, The Netherlands and United States of America. Author (books / chapters / articles / communications / workshops) at national and international Conferences, Congresses and Symposia, focusing his area of interest and research at Music Education / Aesthetic and Artistic Education. He has strong background in Elementary, Secondary and Superior Education with certification, public school teaching experience (18 years of teaching in K-12 schools and 11 years in Superior School of Education – Teacher Graduation). Fellow Researcher at INET-md: Music and Dance Studies Center (Portuguese National Research Foundation: FCT) and Collaborator Researcher – CIEB: Basic Education Studies Center. Volunteer Music Education Teacher and Director (2014 to present) at Senior University of Vinhais – Portugal.
Institute: University of Aveiro | INET-md / Polytechnic Institute of Bragança | CIEB
Music in Schools
Music is an integral part of official Portuguese curricula in two areas: (1) Music Education in Basic Education and (2) Specialized Music Teaching.
1) Music Education in Basic Education
With regard to Music Education in Basic Education, it is worth mentioning its presence in the curricula of Pre-school Education from 1st to the 9th year of schooling. In fact, Musical Education taught by Specialized Teachers, only reaches the students at the 5th – 6th grades (2nd cycle). In Pre-School Education and in the 1st Cycle of Basic Education, except a few exceptions, it is the Childhood Educator and / or the Professor in charge of the class that teachs the Musical Expression activity. The Ministry of Education of Portugal has been promoting the implementation of a National Plan for Aesthetic and Artistic Education (PNEEA), in order to offer specific training to Early Childhood Educators and 1st Cycle Teachers in four key areas (Visual Arts, Dance, Music and Theater). In the specific case of the Basic Education 1st Cycle, the Portuguese Ministery implemented Activities of Curriculum Enrichment (Musical Education, Physical Education, Plastic Expression and English). In reality, these activities do not achieve the desirable goals , since they are not always taught by Specialist Teachers, and are often understood as Free Time Activities (ATL), and take place in extended schedules.
In the 3rd cycle (7th and 9th years), Music / Music Education is not compulsory, being offered in few schools, since it depends on the existence of a specialized teacher with capacity and time available to carry out this task.
2) Specialized Music Teaching.
According to Mota (2014), two modalities of Specialized Music Teaching coexist in Portugal: (1) Artistic Courses Specialized in the field of Basic and Secondary Music, which are offered in public schools, under Articulated and Supplementary Education (Music Conservatories) and Private and Cooperative (Music Academies with State support); (2) Professional Courses are offered in these institutions and Professional Music Schools. The learning carried out in these courses privileges a more practical and directed teaching to the world of work (professional musicians), giving enphasis to the development of musical skills for the exercise of a profession, not excluding the hypothesis of continuing studies in institutions of Higher Education of music (Mota, 2014).
Music Teacher Training
Until the publication of the Law 310/83 (Portugal, 1983), all music professionals were trained in Conservatories and Music Academies, receiving a final diploma (considered of a higher level) in instrument, song or composition, which did not include any pedagogical or didactic studies. With the publication of the Basic Law of the Educational System, Law 46/86 (Portugal, 1986), Music Education for All has undergone significant changes, particularly with the creation of training courses for teachers of Music Education in High Schools of Education of the Institutes Polytechnics. (Mota, 2014). In the last decades of the XX, we witnessed the advent of in-depth discussions that contributed to clarify the perspectives on what is meant by contemporary Music Education and its implications for teacher training.
At present, there are several Portuguese institutions that offer training in Teaching Music Education / Specialized Music Teaching (master degree): Polytechnic Institute of Bragança; Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra; Polytechnic Institute of Porto; Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon; Jean Piaget Institute (Almada / Arcozelo); University of Aveiro; University of Minho; University of Évora; New University of Lisbon.